Generation III+ designs were meant to drive the ‘Nuclear Renaissance’ that was forecast by the nuclear industry from the late 1990s onwards. The central claim for the new technologies was that they would build on existing technology but the design, especially the safety systems, would be rationalized. This would mean that the plants would be safer than their predecessors, but simpler, therefore cheaper and less prone to construction delays. There would be a reliance on ‘passive’ safety, fabrication of large parts of the plant in factory-made modules and standardisation of designs. This report examines experience of constructing Generation III+ identifying the major problems met and thereby testing the claim that Generation III+ designs would be more buildable. We do not examine the claim of greater safety here, although we do note the differing approaches to improving safety. While the primary objective of this report will be to examine these claims of ease of construction, the analysis also brings evidence on three other important areas: standardization; generic design reviews and; future of light water reactor technology.
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Nuclear Construction Problems - Jul 2015Steve Thomas
Our Public Water Future The global experience with remunicipalisation - Apr 2015Emanuele Lobina
This book provides the most comprehensive catalogue of water remunicipalisation cases produced so far. It looks at: the experiences with water remunicipalisation in key countries (France, the US, and Germany), and important cities (Paris and Jakarta); the challenge posed to public water services by investor protection clauses; the position of the trade union movement vis-à-vis remunicipalisation; and performance evaluation as a way of measuring the success of remunicipalisation.
EU Renewable Energy Policy: Successes, Challenges, and market reforms - Mar 2015Yuliya Yurchenko
This report reviews the successes and challenges of the EU Renewable Energy Policy and the impact of market reforms. Case studies of Denmark, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom are included.
Why PPPs don't work The many advantanges of the public alternative - Mar 2015David Hall
This report provides a background to Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), shows how PPPs are being promoted, outlines the major problems of PPPs, evaluates PPPs and outlines a public alternative.
¿Por qué las Asociaciones Público-Privadas no funcionan? Las numerosas ventajas de la alternativa pública - Mar 2015David Hall
El presente informe analiza la dimensión de las APPs, así como las instituciones que las fomentan, las lecciones obtenidas de la experiencia con las APPs, y establece un procedimiento para la evaluación sistemática de las APPs comparándolas con las opciones del sector público. Asimismo, presenta algunas maneras de cuestionar políticas y prosms aquagym osteogramas de las APPs, y ofrece asesoramiento a los fondos de pensiones que consideren invertir en APPs
Circle and Hinchingbrooke Hospital - Mar 2015Jane Lethbridge
This is a briefing about the failure of the first hospital in the NHS to have its management services franchised to Circle, a private company. It looks at the events leading up to the franchising of management services, the National Audit Office investigation into the tendering process, the recent report by the Care Quality Commission and the reasons for the failure of the franchise.
Exposing the myths around Public-Private Partnerships A PSIRU briefing for EPSU - Mar 2015Jane Lethbridge
This briefing highlights the financial and operational problems that have occurred with PPPs in the UK and in countries across Europe. 11 key facts are:
1. The private sector doesn’t assume risk
2. PPPs don’t guarantee better value for money
3. The normal public sector option is not always considered
4. PPPs are not better at finish buildings on time or on budget than ordinary contracts
5. The rules on PPPs don’t ensure complete transparency and can contribute to corruption
6. Any competitive tendering associated with PPPs does not guarantee savings
7. PPPs do not ensure better design innovations
8. The private sector is not necessarily more efficient at running services
9. The private sector cannot raise money more cheaply than governments
10. PPPs distort public policy priorities and load austerity policies onto other services
11. PPPs are not necessary to solve the problems of countries in crisis
Final European Report of the PESSIS 2 Project Promoting employers' in social services in social dialogue - Mar 2015Jane Lethbridge
The Final European Report (PESSIS/PESSIS 2) draws together the results of the 17 national case studies of social dialogue in the social services sector. Although trade unions are active in the social services sector, many countries lack strong employers’ organisations, even where there is a tradition of social dialogue. The expansion of both the for-profit and not-for-profit sectors means that they will have to recognise their responsibilities as employers and form strong employers’ organisations to support this process. Collective bargaining coverage is highest for public sector workers and lowest for for-profit and not-for-profit workers. Austerity measures are affecting funding of the social services sector. Collective bargaining arrangements remain an important set of structures on which to build further employer- employee dialogue.
Strengthening the workforce for people with disabilities: initial mapping across Europe - Mar 2015Jane Lethbridge
Developed and commissioned by the European Observatory for Human Resources (EOHR), part of the EASPD (European Association of Service Providers for Persons with Disabilities), the research was conducted by Jane Lethbridge in autumn 2014 into how organisations providing services for people with disabilities recruit and train social care workers. Austerity policies and resulting budget reductions are affecting not only the availability and affordability of the services, but also the working conditions and overall quality of services. There is pressure to reduce staff costs, either by reducing the level of qualifications required or through lower wages. Consequently, applicants can enter care work without any relevant qualifications or experience and often organisations have to train them.
Troubled Waters: Misleading industry PR and the case for public water - Nov 2014Emanuele Lobina
This report discusses the role played by misleading public relations in the attempts of water multinationals Veolia and Suez to expand their market share in the USA. The report finds that, in the US like in other countries of the global North, Veolia and Suez are very good at promising improved performance and enhanced service quality but have a poor track record at keeping their promises. As this poor track record is a systemic feature of private water operations, the report makes the case for remunicipalisation and for strengthening public water services through in-house restructuring, public-public partnerships, and policies that support democratic governance”.